Comparison of flight-measured and calculated temperatures on the space shuttle orbiter



Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, Dryden Flight Research Facility, Publisher: For sale by the National Technical Information Service] in Edwards, Calif, [Springfield, Va

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 46
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Subjects:

  • Space shuttles.,
  • Heat -- Transmission.

Edition Notes

Other titlesComparison of flight measured and calculatewd temperatures on the space shuttle orbiter.
StatementLeslie Gong ... [et al.].
SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 88278.
ContributionsGong, Leslie., Dryden Flight Research Facility.
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15273750M

Pre-Flight Guide to NASA Space Shuttle Mission STS The Historic Voyage of Orbiter Discovery Returning the Shuttle to Flight--Flight Plan Flight Data File Document [News, World Spaceflight] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Pre-Flight Guide to NASA Space Shuttle Mission STS The Historic Voyage of Orbiter Discovery Returning the Shuttle to Author: World Spaceflight News. The Aerojet Rocketdyne RS, also known as the Space Shuttle main engine (SSME), is a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine that was used on NASA's Space is planning to continue using the RS on the Space Shuttle's successor, the Space Launch System (SLS).. Designed and manufactured in the United States by Rocketdyne (later known as Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne and Associated L/V: Space Shuttle, Space Launch System. The Space Shuttle orbiter was a reusable winged "space-plane", a mixture of rockets, spacecraft, and aircraft. This space-plane could carry crews and payloads into low Earth orbit, perform on-orbit operations, then re-enter the atmosphere and land as a glider, returning its crew and any on-board payload to the Earth/5(3).   An overview of the wind tunnel program is given and aerodynamic characteristics of the final configuration are described. Aerodynamic parameters critical to definition of Orbiter entry control and performance are identified. Trim capability and stability and control characteristics are discussed at critical regions in the entry trajectory.

The reusable booster rockets of the space shuttle use a mixture of aluminum and ammonium perchlorate as fuel. A possible reaction is 3 Al (s) + 3 NH 4 ClO 4 (s) → Al 2 O 3 (s) + AlCl 3 (s) + 3 NO (g) + 6 H 2 O (g) Calculate ∆ H° for this reaction. The space shuttle Orbiter utilizes the oxidation of methylhydrazine by dinitrogen tetroxide for propulsion: 4 N 2 H 3 CH 3 (l) + 5 N 2 O 4 (l) → 12 H 2 O (g) + 9 N 2 (g) + 4 CO 2 (g) Calculate . There are some interesting issues with the space shuttle design that lead to the reduced flight rate. The first of these that stemmed from the original design, requiring large payload capabilities suitable for military needs, including the Air Force, who indicated a need for the large payload size and weight. Space World, Kitakyushu City, Japan: Standing Full Stack with launch show!. Ambassador: Traveling Space Shuttle Orbiter: If you see it, let me know! Reported partially distroyed,. Shuttle to Tomorrow: U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame, Titusville, Florida: Theater in cargo bay simultes a spaceflight: SPACE CAMP SIMULATORS: Endeavour.

  The Space Shuttle: Celebrating Thirty Years of NASA’s First Space Plane is written by aerospace author Piers Bizony and weighs in at pages . weather conditions for landing the Space Shuttle Orbiter. Interpreting the Weather Flight Rules and the accompanying weather definitions in real-time can be quite challenging. Therefore, SMG uses various tools to aide the forecasters in determining the observed weather conditions and the trends in the observed conditions as they relate to the. From the Manufacturer. The Space Shuttle orbiter is the orbital spacecraft of the Space Shuttle program operated by NASA. The orbiter is reusable winged inches spaceplane inches a mixture of rocket, spacecraft, and aircraft/5(7). Three days ago, the Nixon Administration awarded the $ billion space shuttle contract to the North American Rockwell Corporation in California. I regard this decision as the latest, and perhaps most blatant, example of President Nixon’s calculated use of the American taxpayers’ dollars for his [] own re-election purposes.

Comparison of flight-measured and calculated temperatures on the space shuttle orbiter Download PDF EPUB FB2

Peratures were measured on the space shuttle orbiter during the flight of the space transportation system 5 (STS-5). The measured data are compared with values calcu- lated at wing stations, and and at fuselage station Cited by: 4. Comparison of Flight-Measured and Calculated Temperatures on the Space S huttle Orbiter Author: Leslie Gong, william L.

Ko, Robert D. Quinn, and W. Lance Richards Subject: NASA TM Keywords: Heat-transfer analysis, Reentry heating, Space shuttle orbiter, Space tr ansportation system data Created Date: 9/6/ PM.

Comparison of flight measured and calculatewd temperatures on the space shuttle orbiter: Responsibility: Leslie Gong [and others]. Structural temperatures and thermal protection system surface temperatures were measured on the space shuttle during the flight of STS 5. The measured data are compared with values calculated at wing stations, and and at fuselage station parameters fran the Space Shuttle Orbiter approach and landing flight tests.

The longitudinal-stability, elevon-effectiveness, lateral-directional stability, and aileron-effectiveness derivatives have been determined fran the wind-tunnel data and compared with the flight-test results. The comparison covers a File Size: 6MB.

comparison of measured temperatures, thermal stresses and creep residues with predictions on a built-up titanium structure, technical memorandum Authors:. surface of the Shuttle orbiter for both trajectories, and the lower-surface center­ line results were compared both with aerodynamic-heating design data and with flight values from the STS-1 and STS-2 trajectories.

The peak laminar-heating values from the aerodynamic-heating design-data book were generally 40 to 60 percent higher than. Design, Analysis and Qualification of Elevon for Reusable Launch Vehicle.

Comparison of Flight — Measured and calculated temperature on the space shuttle orbiter. NASA Technical Memorandum (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Ames Research Center, Edwards, California, ).

shuttle. Once launched, without initiation of an abort, the shuttle was committed to flight through ascent, orbital operations, re-entry, and landing. NASA placed a heavy emphasis on comparison of the predicted vehicle performance to the observed flight performance during the first few shuttle missions, and those results showed good agreement.

Fun Facts About the Space Shuttle Orbiter. uploaded by JPLPublic. Unless you have flown aboard the Space Shuttle or have seen it in person, it can be difficult to mentally visualize the size of the vehicle. Another critical area on the Orbiter, not generally considered part of the TPS, is the window system.

As shown in fig the Orbiter has 11 windows (6 forward, 2 overhead_ I side hatch and 2 rear view). The forward windows consist of three panes each: thermal, redundant, and pressure. The space shuttle orbiter reenters the earth atmosphere at an altitude of approximatelym (, ft) and at extremely high velocity (nearly Mach 25).

the shuttle structure from severe reentry aerodynamic heating, the entire shuttle structure is covered with a thermal protection system (TPS). The regions of the shuttle surfaces thatFile Size: 2MB.

Leslie Gong's 14 research works with 84 citations and reads, including: Hypothetical Reentry Thermostructural Performance of Space Shuttle Orbiter With. Six orbiters were built for flight: Enterprise, Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour.

All were built in Palmdale, California, by the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-based Rockwell International company. The first orbiter, Enterprise, made its maiden flight in An unpowered glider, it was carried by a modified Boeing airliner called the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft and released for a series of Applications: Crew and cargo spaceplane.

Robert D. Quinn's research while affiliated Comparison of flight-measured and calculated temperatures on space shuttle orbiter Comparison of flight-measured and calculated temperatures on. The two-color thermographic phosphor method has been used to map the local heating augmentation of scaled idealized cavities at conditions simulating the windward surface of the Shuttle Orbiter.

(table 1) are to be calculated internally by the SPAR program. For the analysis of each case of missing or eroded TPS tiles, Model C (fig. 2) had to be slightly modified by changing the nodal locations to create the TPS tiles missing or eroded site.

peak temperature of the structure in areas which do not have internal insulation. INTRODUCTION The Space Shuttle Orbiter is the first reusable entry spacecraft built on a foundation of technology and experience gained from the Apollo, Gemini, and Mercury programs (fig.

One of the most. Accuracies of solutions (structural temperatures and thermal stresses) obtained from different thermal and structural FEMs set up for the Space Shuttle Orbiter (SSO) are compared and discussed.

INTRODUCTION The Space Shuttle Orbiter is the first reusable entry spacecraft built on a foundation of technology and experience gained from the Apollo, Gemini, and Mercury programs (fig. One of the most critical elements to the development of this capabiltiy is the reusable thermal protection system (TPS) mounted on the aluminum structure.

The Space Shuttle thermal protection system (TPS) is the barrier that protected the Space Shuttle Orbiter during the searing 1, °C (3, °F) heat of atmospheric reentry.A secondary goal was to protect from the heat and cold of space while in orbit.

comparison of measured and calculated temperatures for a mach 8 hypersonic wing teststructure, comparison of theoretical and flight-measured local flow aerodynamics for a low-aspect-ratio fin, effects of forced and free convections on structural temperatures of space shuttle orbiter duringreentry flight, technical memorandum authors.

Shuttle Orbiter data from STS used to validate the data acquisition and data reduction to global temperatures, in order to mitigate the experiment risks prior to the maiden flight of the X   The aft fuselage consists of the left and right orbital maneuvering systems, space shuttle main engines, body flap, vertical tail and orbiter/external tank rear attachments.

The forward bulkhead closes off the aft fuselage from the midfuselage. Space Shuttle/an Illustrated History of Space Shuttle, Us Winged Spacecraft: X to Orbiter (A Foulis aviation book) [Smith, Melvyn] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Space Shuttle/an Illustrated History of Space Shuttle, Us Winged Spacecraft: X to Orbiter (A Foulis aviation book)5/5(1). The Space Shuttle thermal protection system is rated for temperatures of up to °C.

There's a boundary layer of air just above the TPS, outside that temperatures can reach °C. NASA used HYTHIRM to make thermal images of the orbiter during reentry.

The program was then suspended until Space Shuttle Discovery returned to flight on J The Challenger (OV) was the second Orbiter to become operational at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

It joined the NASA fleet in Julyflew nine successful missions, made orbits and spent 69 days in space. Then on Jan. 28,the. Full text of "Aerodynamic design of the space shuttle orbiter" See other formats AERODYNAMIC DESIGN OF THE SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER by W.E.

Bornemann Manager, Space Shuttle Aerodynamics Rockwell International Corporation Space Systems Group Lakewood Boulevard Downey, CA T.E. Surber Supervisor, Orbiter Aerodyanmics and Rockwell International Corporation Space. SPAR program, with the corrected internal free convection heat transfer coefficients, to calculate (or recalculate) the structural temperatures of FS and WS and also to compare the relative magnitudes of the effects of internal free convection and internal radiation on.

Shuttle components include the Orbiter Vehicle (OV) with three clustered Rocketdyne RS main engines, a pair of recoverable solid rocket boosters (SRBs), and the expendable external tank (ET) containing liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen. The Space Shuttle was launched vertically, like a conventional rocket, Cost per launch: US$ million () to billion ().

The space shuttle Discovery roars between the clouds into the blue Florida sky toward space on mission STS to the International Space Station on Oct. 23, Shuttle Orbiter data from STS used to validate the data acquisition and data reduction to global temperatures, in order to mitigate the experiment prior .that experienced for a re-entry vehicle like the Space Shuttle Orbiter.

Ablation materials undergo chemical decomposition, or pyrolysis, which forms a char layer as shown in Figure 2. During this process, energy is transferred away by the pyrolysis gasses and the surface of the material recedes with Size: 1MB.